Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a country in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is surrounded byRomania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, andTurkey to the southeast. Being located close to the Turkish Straits means the key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia pass through Bulgaria

Bulgariais a town at the foot of the Balkan mountain range, at the eastern end of the Valley of the Roses, the home of the Thracian kings.Name of the vally comes from this regions` well known Rosa Damascena, also known as the Damask or Castile rose which is one of the nation’s symbols. Region is also known for the production of rose oil.

The country’s largest and best preserved Thracian tombs are found here, and they are included among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, along with the Museum of Roses.Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak, discovered in 1944, dates from the Hellenistic period, around the end of the 4th century BC. It is located near Seutopolis, the capital city of the Thracian king Seutes III, and is part of a large Thracian necropolis. The tholos has a narrow corridor and a round burial chamber, both decorated with murals representing Thracian burial rituals and culture. These paintings are Bulgaria’s best-preserved artistic masterpieces from the Hellenistic period.

HIGHTLIGHTS

SOFIA is the capital of Bulgaria, located in the west of the country, below Vitosha Mountain. With population of 1,250,000 it is also the biggest city and cultural capital. Sofia is one of the oldest cities in Europe, founded some 2500 years ago. Thanks to its central location in the heart of the Balkan it was even briefly the capital of the Roman Empire. The city gained its present name at the end of the 14th century, in honor of the city’s major symbol, The Saint Sofia Basilica. The city’s landmarks reflect Greek, Roman, Ottoman and Soviet occupation. The oldest church in the city–Church of St. George or Saint George Rotunda–was built in the 6th century, during the reign of Constantine the Great. Together with ruins of the Antic town Serdica is now days surrounded by the buildings of Presidential Palace. Some other historical churches are: Petka Samardzhiyska Church, built in the 11th century, Saint Joseph Catholic Cathedral, Banya Bashi Mosque, built in the 16th century. City has some other interesting historical remains, such as the municipal baths, the marketplace, and The Holy Sunday Church.
VARNA,situated in North-Eastern part of Bulgaria, is a largest city on Bulgaria's Black Sea and is also called the Sea capital of Bulgaria. It is a cosmopolitan port city and also seaside resort, adjacent to the coastal resorts of Golden Sands, St. Konstantin and Albena. The town was established in the 6th century BC under the name of Odessos.It's famous for the "Gold of Varna," the oldest gold jewelry in the world.Thracian jewelry was discovered in The Varna necropolis and dates to 4200-4600 BC. It is displayed inside the Archaeological Museum, along with Greek, Roman and Ottoman antiquities. This area has a rich history and several interesting monuments are displayed in Archaeological Museum.A bar-lined waterfront promenade fronts 19th-century Primorski Park.
Zlatni Pyasatsi is Aladzha Monastery, one of rock monasteries, is located 14 km from Varna.
RILA MONASTERYMonastery of Saint Ivan of Rila, founded in the 10th century, is the largest and most famous Eastern Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria and UNESCO site. It is located on the 1147 meters altitude in the Rila Mountain and surrounded with 24-meter stone walls which forms irregular pentagon with the tower and the main church in the inner yard. Due to the walls and location on the hill,it resembles a fortress.A four-story residential part has 300 chambers.  Church Nativity of Mary is covered by frescoes, and museum has local historical exhibits, most known is Rafail's Cross, a wooden cross made from a whole piece of wood (81×43 cm). It is an work of art made by monk named Rafail, which after 12 years of work on this cross, lost his sight. It has 104 religious scenes and 650 miniature figures.
BLACK SEE BEACH,Also known as Bulgarian Riviera is almost 400 km of sensational Black Sea coastline with many beautiful beaches and resorts. People from many countries come here to enjoy their holidays, swim, sunbath, relax, party, or just rest.
Some known beaches: Golden Sands: really has golden. Sunny Beach is Bulgaria biggest resort and as name tells,here you will have a plenty of sunshine. Albena: is suitable for families with small children, it offers amusement parks and water is shallow. Ahtopol: name means‘The Town of Love’, it is close to the Turkey, and not so crowded. This area was once an ancient Thracian settlement. Sozopol: historic place with Greek history. Irakli: It is a wild beach with nudists and free camping, suitable for people with wild spirit.
BURGASis the second largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.It is located in the Burgas Bay and is the largest cargo port in the country. Settlement dated back to the Bronze and the Early Iron Age and some greatest battles between the Bulgarian state and the Byzantine Empire had been conducted here. Cathedral church “St. Cyril and St. Methodius” is one of the highlights of the city and nearby are picturesque old towns Nesebar and Sozopol.
KAZANLAK is a town at the foot of the Balkan mountain range, at the eastern end of the Valley of the Roses, the home of the Thracian kings.Name of the vally comes from this regions` well known Rosa Damascena, also known as the Damask or Castile rose which is one of the nation’s symbols. Region is also known for the production of rose oil.
The country’s largest and best preserved Thracian tombs are found here, and they are included among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, along with the Museum of Roses.Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak, discovered in 1944, dates from the Hellenistic period, around the end of the 4th century BC. It is located near Seutopolis, the capital city of the Thracian king Seutes III, and is part of a large Thracian necropolis. The tholos has a narrow corridor and a round burial chamber, both decorated with murals representing Thracian burial rituals and culture. These paintings are Bulgaria’s best-preserved artistic masterpieces from the Hellenistic period.
PLOVDIV is one of my favourite cities in the Balkans. It has colourful 19th century architecture in a museum-like old town, Roman ruins, and a lively modern centre. It's also within easy reach of Bachkovo Monastery. Similar 19th century houses survive in many smaller cities and towns.Veliko Târnovo is the most spectacular example, thanks to the fact that the houses are built on the sides of a gorge, facing a ruined citadel on the opposite bank. Târnovo is also a good base to visit some of central Bulgaria's attractive smaller towns and monasteries. Closer to Sofia lies Koprivshtitsa, perhaps the most striking of all Bulgaria's historic small towns and villages.
VELIKO TARNOVO is the most spectacular example, thanks to the fact that the houses are built on the sides of a gorge, facing a ruined citadel on the opposite bank. Târnovo is also a good base to visit some of central Bulgaria's attractive smaller towns and monasteries. Closer to Sofia lies Koprivshtitsa, perhaps the most striking of all Bulgaria's historic small towns and villages.