Croatia

Croatia officially the Republic of Croatia, is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country’s primary subdivisions, along with its twenty counties. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continenta land Mediterranean climates. Croatia’s Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. The country’s population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism.

The Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century AD. They organised the state into two duchies by the 9th century. Tomislav became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule ofKings Peter Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg to the Croatian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was included in the unrecognized State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs which seceded from Austria-Hungary and merged into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The fascist Croatian puppet state backed by the Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany existed during World War II. After the war, Croatia became a founding member and a federal constituent of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, a constitutionally socialist state. On 25 June 1991 Croatia declared independence, which came wholly into effect on 8 October of the same year. The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration.

HIGHTLIGHTS

ZAGREB,capital of the Republic of Croatia, is also its largest city and the cultural, economic, cinematic, sporting and governmental hub of the country. It is located on the southern slopes of Medvednica Mountain along the banks of the Sava River. Culturally, it is a European city well worth visiting, with its numerous historical monuments and medieval architecture. Zagreb is capital city of Croatia. The city is divided into three parts: Gornji grad (Upper Town)at the top of Radiceva street with a shrine to virgin Mary - the "Kamenita vrata". In Upper Town are also located:  Presidential Palace, St Mark’s Church, Croatian parliament (Sabor), museums and galleries,Strossmayer's walkway ,Donji grad (Lower Town) with shops, restaurants, cafes, theatres and parks;  Novi Zagreb (‘new Zagreb’) full of high-rise buildings.
Zagreb is also holder of the world record as city with most museums per square foot.
BRAC is an Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea. It is the third largest island in the Adriatic, and the largest in Dalmatia. The highest peak of the island, Vidova Gora (778 m), is also the highest peak of all Croatian islands.
The economy is based mostly on tourism, fishing and agriculture. On the island is found precious white limestone, which was used in building Diocletian's Palace in Split and White House in Washington, D.C.
It's best known for the white-pebble beach Zlatni Rat (Golden Cape). Largest towns are Supetar, Pucisca and Bol. Island offers unique gastronomy, beautiful beaches and bays , crystal blue sea, and the hospitality of the local people.
DUBROVNIK, this walled city, also called 'Pearl of the Adriatic',is so amazing, that has been chosen for many movie scenes. Episode 8 of Star wars was filmed here and many parts of the city are easily recognized in King`s Landing from Game of Thrones.
Dubrovnik was damaged by an earthquake in 1667 and in the war in the 1990s, but still has well preserved Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque churches, monasteries, palaces and fountains. City, that was once the capital of the wealthy sea-faring Republic of Ragusa (1358-1808)is now Unesco world heritage site.Most of the top attractions like Rector's Palace, Bell tower, Roland's Column Sponza Palace are concentrated in the walking distance in old town, within the medieval stone walls, that were completed in the 16th century. Central place is Stradum and on a high rock is Fortress Lovrijenac. Franciscan Monastery has the third oldest pharmacy in the world For magnificent view, take the cable car up to Mt Srđ with Imperial Fort built by Napoleon.
HVAR ISLAND, a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea,is the longest and the sunniest Croatian island.It is a part of the central Dalmatian archipelago with the area of 299.6 sq km (length 68.2 km, width up to 10.5 km) and population of 10,648. Economy is based on tourism, fishing, farming, viticulture, olive growing and especially on cultivation of rosemary and lavender.
The main resorts are Hvar Town, Stari Grad, Vrboska, Jelsa and Sucuraj.
Highlights of the port town Hvar include its 13th-century walls, a hilltop fortress and a main square anchored by the Renaissance-era Hvar Cathedral. The island also features beaches like Dubovica and inland lavender fields. Boat excursions serve the nearby Pakleni Islands, which have secluded beaches and coves.
Hvar town is glamorous, with many yacht docked in the marine and in recent years, Prince Harry, Jay-Z & Beyonce and Roman Abramovich have been spotted here.
KORCULA ISLAND, lies just off the Dalmatian coast. It has an area of 279 km², is 46.8 km long and on average 7.8 km wide. This island is known for its dense forest and the ancient Greeks called the island Black Korcula (Kerkyra melaina) for this reason.Economy is based on farming, viticulture, fruit growing, fishing and fish processing, shipbuilding, processing of synthetic materials and tourism.
Towns are surrounded with city walls with streets arranged in a herringbone pattern allowing free circulation of air but protecting against strong winds. Building outside the walls was forbidden until the 18th century. Korčula is also the name of the ancient fortified town on the protected east coast of the island. In central square is located the Cathedral of St. Marki from the 14th century. Popular beach is Vela Przina, and Pupnatska Luka, a turquoise cove.
SPLIT is Croatia's second largest city. Located an the Dalmatian Coast, emerged from a settlement around a fortresslike complex: a palace built in the 4th century by Roman emperor Diocletian, now listed on the UNESCO list. Once home to thousands, its sprawling remains include more than 200 buildings. Wandering the historic center of Split, you can still clearly see the Roman walls, squares, and temples. Within its white stone walls and under its courtyards are a cathedral and numerous shops, bars, cafes, hotels and houses.
City was ruled and influenced by many empires: Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Croatian, Venetian, Austrian and Italian. Great spot for overview is 123m-high Marjan Hill on the west side of the city. It is overgrown with pine and cactus and offers a great view on the city surroundings and the sea.
Besides the ancient palace,the town is also known for its beaches.
Beside bell tower of St. Duje, the symbols of city are the Dalmatian dog and a donkey.
ZADAR city located in northern Dalmatia. City won title European best destinations. The old town is located in a peninsula and is easily accessible by foot. All together, 32 churches are located here,the oldest among them is St. Simeon's church and one of the best preserved pre-Romanesque buildings in the world is St. Donat's church. Main square is well preserved Roman Forum. Zadar has one of the oldest universities in Europe and also the oldest university in Croatia. University of Zadar was originally founded by Dominican monks in 1396. Museum of ancient glass is also worth visiting. Evenings are especially magical on the tip of peninsula, where you can watch the sunset, listen to the first Sea Organ in the world.In the dark you can admire light show `Greeting to the sun` which consists of three hundred multi-layered glass plates placed on the same level with the stone-paved waterfront in the shape of a 22-meter diameter circle. Under the glass conduction plates there are photo-voltage solar modules through which symbolic communication with nature is made, with the aim to communicate with light, just like the Sea Organs do with sound.
ŠIBENIK is a historic city in Croatia, located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea. Sibenik is the oldest native town in Croatia. It was mentioned for the first time in 1066 in a document issued by Petar Kresimir IV, the most important Croatian king.It was built as a castrum at the bottom of the St Michael’s fortress. City has three more fortress: St John, St Nicholas and Subicevac.
It's most famous for its Saint James Cathedral, which is on the UNESCO World heritage list. It was built built between the 15th and 16th century and it is completely built in stone from the island of Brac with no bonding material.On the exterior are 74 head sculptures carved in stone. Cathedral, City Hall from 16th century and Bishop’s palace are located on the city square.
Several monasteries can also be found in Sibenik; one of them is the monastery of St Lawrence with its Medieval Mediterranean garden which is one of the rare gardens of this type in the world; the garden follows a medieval pattern with the form of a cross and a well in the middle.
TROGIR is a historic town and harbor on the Adriatic coast with population  10,818.Trogir was settled by the Greeks in IV-III century BC. It is set within medieval walls on a tiny island, linked by bridges to both the mainland and to the far larger Čiovo Island. Because of palaces, churches, towers, fortress on a small island, is also called "THE STONE BEAUTY". Trogir is an excellent example of a medieval town built on and conforming with the layout of a Hellenistic and Roman city that has conserved its urban fabric to an exceptional degree and with the minimum of modern interventions, in which the trajectory of social and cultural development is clearly visible in every aspect of the townscape, so it is inscribed on the UNESCO list. 
Things to see include: a 14. century Kamerlengo Fortress located at the waterfront, Venetian Cathedral of St. Lovro, a 15th-century town hall, the Church of St. John the Baptist with its gorgeous carved portal.
Plitvice Lakes National Park is Croatia’s best-known national park, listed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage sites. It is a popular visiting destination all year round, well known for its system of cascading lakes–whereby sixteen lovely lakes are interconnected by cascades and waterfalls. The park is simply beautiful.The region is established as National Park in April 1949, declaring Plitvice Lakes as the area of a exceptional natural beauty. That was first National Park in Croatia. Later on, in 1979, Plitvice was put by UNESCO on the of World’s cultural and natural inheritance.